Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography
About Maulana Abul Kalam
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11 November, 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. He was a leading figure in India's struggle for freedom and a noted writer, poet and journalist. He adopted the pen name Azad (Free). In his childhood, Azad had a traditional Islamic education, along with training in subjects like mathematics, philosophy, world history and science by tutors at his home. Through his own efforts, he learnt English, along with Western philosophy, history and contemporary politics. He visited countries like Afghanistan, Iraq, Egypt, Syria and Turkey. He opposed the partition of Bengal in 1905.
Azad established the Indian Institute of Technology and also contributed in the foundation of the University Grant Commission.
His real name was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin, but became known as Maulana Azad. He was born to father Bengali Maulana Muhammad Khairuddin and mother Arab. He was born in Mecca, but the family relocated to Calcutta in 1890. He married Zulaikha Begum when he was thirteen years old.
He established an Urdu weekly newspaper in 1912 named Al-Hilal. It was consequently banned in 1914, following which he started a new journal, the Al-Balagh.
'Ghubar-e-Khatir' is one of his most noted works which he wrote between 1942 and 1946.
He published many works criticising the British rule and advocating self-rule for India. His exhaustive book on India's freedom struggle titled 'India Wins Freedom' was published in 1957.
It was as a leader of the Khilafat movement that he became close to Mahatma Gandhi. He became the youngest President of the Indian National Congress in 1923.He always supported the cause of Hindu-Muslim unity and opposed the demand for a separate Muslim state of Pakistan. He was one of the most important leaders behind the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931. He became the Congress president in 1940 and continued till 1945 and during that time, the Quit India rebellion also came up.
He served in the Constituent Assembly formed to draft India's constitution and was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952 and in 1957. In 1956, he served as president of the UNESCO General Conference in Delhi.
Facts and Information about Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
|Born||11 November, 1888|
|Place of Birth||Mecca, Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (now Saudi Arabia)|
|Father||Maulana Muhammad Khairuddin|
|Died||22 February, 1958 (aged 69), Delhi|
|Spouse Name||Zulaikha Begum|
|Political Career||Indian National Congress|
|Awards and honours||Bharat Ratna|
Last Updated on : November 15, 2016
National Education Day is an annual observance in India to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad,the first education minister of independent India, who served from 15 August 1947 until 2 February 1958. National Education Day of India is celebrated on 11 November every year.
The Ministry of Human Resource Development, had on September 11, 2008 announced, "The Ministry has decided to commemorate the birthday of this great son of India by recalling his contribution to the cause of education in India. November 11 every year, from 2008 onwards, will be celebrated as the National Education Day, without declaring it a holiday.
Activities during the celebration of National education day:
Educational institutions at all levels across the country will celebrate November 11 as the ‘National Education Day’ by the way of Seminars, symposia, essay-writing, elocution competitions, workshops and rallies with banner cards and slogans on the importance of literacy and nation's commitment to all aspects of education.
Objective of celebrating National education day:
The objective of celebrating National Education Day should be to strengthen our educational institutions and to raise the quality of education to greater heights. It should be an occasion to remember Maulana Azad's contribution in laying the foundations of the education system in an independent India as well as to evaluate our current performance in this field. So on this day, all people who are involved in the field of education should come together to seek ways to advance India's prestige in the world, as a knowledge society and to focus on how to educate our people.