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Evaluating Bias In Research Essay

Running head: Evaluatng Bias in Research 2 In order for drugs to be approved for use in humans in the US, drug companies must test it, submitting their findings to the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research for FDA approval [CITATION Dev14 \l 1033 ]. In consideration of Peter Whoriskey’s 2012 article in The Washington Post, entitled As Drug Industry’s Influence Over Research Grows, So Does the Potential for Bias, let us consider; can the pharmaceutical industry participate in any way with clinical trials and drug testing, have any monetary influence on those conducting the studies required to provide evidence of the drug’s safety and effectiveness without injecting bias in their favor? In 2006, the New England Journal of Medicine, the most prestigious medical journal in the world, published an article describing the performance of three diabetic drugs, including Avandia, GlaxoSmithKline’s newest drug. According to the article, no increased risk of heart attack was indicated and the drug was more effective than standard therapies used at the time.

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...Evaluating Bias in Research J. Ward Lucy Rabenda-Bajkowska, Ph.D. SOC 100: Introduction to Sociology January 25, 2015 The first step in the student’s guide to research is to frame your research question. The process of formulating a research question has to be precise. Research projects come from many sources which can include empirical data. In the first step you also have to define your terms and how the terms will be measured. The student’s guide to research first step is to frame your research question. The question has to be precise if not it will mess up the entire project. You have to have many sources to base your question off of the information in order to have accurate information to form the question. Defining your terms and measurements will set up the research project by giving the sociologist a guide to work the question that has been presented. To frame your research question you have to be precise, have many sources, and have definitive terms and measurements if all of these things don’t work together you will not have an accurate question to start the project. In the article “As drug industry’s influence over research grows, so does the potential for bias” they explained how drug companies can make there drug look better in order for it to sell better. The New England Journal of Medicine features articles that the pharmaceutical companies and employees have influence over creating bias against the drugs. There is an assumption that there......

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...Student’s guide to research: a four step process The first step to research is to know where to start… your library! Step 1: Define your topic  Understand your assignment.  Get an overview of your topic using general reference sources, such as text books, dictionaries and encyclopedias.  List keywords for searches (e.g. names, places, people, dates, issues, ideas) Step 2: Locate and evaluate your resources  Explore a variety of resources: o Books o Magazines, journals, newspapers – Using Article Databases, see page 3. o Internet  Review your resources. Check for: o Authority (author’s expertise, reputable organization) o Point of view (bias) o Accuracy (verify the facts) o Dates (how current is it? does currency matter?) o Relevance (does the information address your topic?)  Choose the best and most reliable sources  Ask your school librarian Step 3: Searching  Use your list of keywords in your searches  Try synonyms (different words that mean the same) in your searches  Organize your search results into a logical order Step 4: Document your sources  When taking notes, photocopying, or printing, be sure to record: o Author o Title o Place of publication o Name of publisher o Page numbers used o Date of publishing o Last updated date (for websites) o URL (for websites)  Use the MLA, APA, Chicago/Traditional bibliographic style guides to ensure proper format. Ask yourself:  Have I answered the questions about my topic?  Are......

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Evaluating Research

...Monica Cotton- Johnson Evaluating Research Process University of Phoenix January 23, 2012 D. J. Steacy Evaluating Research Process The research process can be a long process. The research must be done completely to determine whether the research is worth the effort. The correct data must be collected and tested to analyze the statistics. Teen pregnancy is a huge issue for the school aged children. There is a process the students must take to prevent teen pregnancy. The process starts with the education to the students. Abortion is the ability to end an unwanted pregnancy. Teenagers have sex without thinking about the consequences that can follow their actions. Ninety percent of teenagers become pregnant each year (Medoff, M. May 2009). The mother, child, and society have consequences to the teenage pregnancies. The infants born to teenagers can have a low birth weight, risk of short and long term illnesses, developmental delays, and be maltreated. The teenagers do not know how to raise a child at a young age, as they are barely learning how to take care of themselves. Some of the teenagers do not finish school. There have been proven to have many reasons why teenagers get pregnant. Poverty, single parent homes, alcohol, drug use, and low educated parents are just a few reasons to explain high teen pregnancy rates. Of course, every decision has to be made by the teenager. The prevention of teen pregnancy is a priority; therefore the causes of teen pregnancy......

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